With the increasing presence of drones, quadcopters, and other small, unmanned aircraft in the whole world, both for professional and private use, it is essential to be aware of the jargon around these aircraft. Unmanned aircraft are used in many different scenarios, from police surveillance military reconnaissance, firefighting investigation, inspecting pipelines and power lines, search and rescue missions, and increasingly as a recreational past time for civilians and for commercial purposes.
Here are some of the very typical terms necessary for comprehending terminology that you may not be familiar with.
“Drone” is the common term used to describe unmanned aerial vehicles, or UAVs. These cover many different types of various sizes or unmanned aircraft, that are used for various motives, from military aircrafts to hobbyists taking amateur photos for their personal website. UAVs are also known as RPA, or remotely piloted aircraft. These aircraft utilize a system of electronic and electronic control sensory procedures to help stabilize the craft while it’s in flight.
Unmanned aerial system, or UAS, demonstrates not just the aircraft itself but the whole system that is required for the smooth running of the craft.
First person perspective, or fPV, is used to refer to the viewpoint that includes a camera on your UAV. The name comes since the image from the camera is streamed in real time to a display that the aviator can watch. The display can be on a computer screen, however there are several technologies that stream the picture straight to a pair of goggles to optimize the view of the aviator. This permits the pilot to see the same thing the UAV is “seeing” and make adjustments to its flight as necessary. Although this is debateable, there is some argument that this even means that a seasoned pilot can let the UAV leave their line of sight and caution should be utilized. It also allows for personalised management of what angle and perspective is being filmed.
A rotorcraft is an airborne vehicle that gets its lift and propulsion from rotor blades, instead of the rigid wings that may be found on an airplane. It is called a multirotor aircraft when a rotorcraft has a couple of rotors supplying propulsion.
A quadcopter is a UAV rotorcraft that’s also called a quadrotor helicopter. These aircraft are propelled by four rotors rather than two, and are created of a more simple design than similar sized remote helicopter.
A octocopter uses eight rotors to attain liftoff and propulsion.
LOS is shorthand for line in case the aircraft is not in your sight, then it’s susceptible to loss of control resulting in property or personal damage.